A Fatwa from Saudi Arabia explains How Muslims Should Celebrate that "Whatever" Season
One of the conditions set out by 'Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab and agreed upon by the Prophet's Companions and by all the Muslim Jurists after them is that those of the People of the Book who have agreed to live under Islamic rule (Ahl Al-Thimmah) should not celebrate their festivals openly in Daar Al-Islam (lands under Islamic rule). If the Muslims have agreed to prevent them from celebrating openly, how could it be right for the Muslims to celebrate them? If a Muslim celebrates them, is that not worse than if a non-Muslim does so openly?
The only reason that we forbade them to celebrate their festivals openly is because of the corruption involved in them, because of the sin or symbols of sin. In either case, the Muslim is forbidden from sin or the symbols of sin. Even if there was no evil involved apart from the non-Muslim feeling encouraged to celebrate openly because of the Muslim's actions, how can a Muslim do that? The evil involved (in their festivals) will be explained below, Allaah willing.
In the chapter entitled "on the abhorrence of entering the churches of Ahl Al-Thimmah on the occasion of their New Year and other celebrations" Al-Bayhaqi reported the following Hadeeth:
"'Umar said: "Do not enter upon the polytheists in their churches on their feast-days, for the Wrath (of Allaah) is descending upon them." He also said: "Avoid the enemies of Allaah on their festivals."
It was also reported that 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Amr said: "Whoever lives in the land of the non-Arabs (non-Muslims) and celebrates their New Year and their festivals, and imitates them until he dies in that state, will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection." He mentioned - and Allaah knows best - the one who lives in their land, because at the time of 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Amr and the other Companions, they used to forbid open celebration of non-Islamic festivals in the Muslim lands, and none of the Muslims imitated them in their festivals; that was possible only when living in the lands of the non-Muslims.
'Ali Ibn Abu Taalib refused to even acknowledge the name of their festivals which were exclusively theirs, so how about actually celebrating them?
Ibn Al-Baghdadi said: "It is not permitted to attend the festivals of the Christians and Jews. Ahmad also stated this, and his evidence for that is the verse (which means): "And those who do not witness falsehood…' [Quran 25: 72]. He said: "The Muslims are to be prevented from entering upon them in their synagogues and churches."
Greeting the non-Muslims on Christmas and other religious holidays of theirs is Haraam, by consensus, as Ibn Al-Qayyim said in Ahkaam Ahl Al-Thimmah: "Congratulating the non-Muslims on the rituals that belong only to them is Haraam by consensus, as is congratulating them on their festivals and feasts by saying: 'A happy festival to you' or 'May you enjoy your festival,' and so on. If the one who says this has been saved from disbelief, it is still forbidden. It is like congratulating someone for prostrating to the cross, or even worse than that. It is as great a sin as congratulating someone for drinking wine, or murdering someone, or having illicit sexual relations, and so on. Many of those who have no respect for their religion fall into this error; they do not realize the offensiveness of their actions. Whoever congratulates a person for his disobedience or Bid'ah (innovation) or disbelief exposes himself to the Wrath and Anger of Allaah."
Congratulating the non-Muslims on their religious festivals implies that one accepts or approves of their rituals of disbelief, even if one would not accept those things for oneself. But the Muslim should not accept the rituals of disbelief or congratulate anyone else for them, because Allaah Almighty does not accept any of that at all, as He Says (what means): "If you disbelieve - indeed, Allah is Free from need of you. And He does not approve for His servants disbelief. And if you are grateful, He approves it for you…” [Quran 39: 7]
And (what means): ". . . This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favor upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion. . ." [Quran 5: 3]. So congratulating them is forbidden, whether they are one's colleagues at work or otherwise.
If the non-Muslims greet us on the occasion of their festivals, we should not respond, because these are not our festivals, and because they are not festivals which are acceptable to Allaah. These festivals are innovations in their religions, and even those which may have been prescribed formerly have been abrogated by the religion of Islam, with which Allaah sent Muhammad, to the whole of mankind. Allaah Says (what means): "And whoever desires other than Islam as religion - never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers…" [Quran 3: 85]
It is Haraam for a Muslim to accept invitations on such occasions, because this is worse than congratulating them as it implies taking part in their celebrations.
Similarly, Muslims are forbidden to imitate non-Muslims by having parties on such occasions, or exchanging gifts, or giving out sweets or food, or taking time off work, etc., because the Prophet said: "Whoever imitates a people is one of them." [Abu Daawood]
Ibn Taymiyyah said: "Imitating them in some of their festivals implies that one is pleased with their false beliefs and practices, and gives them the hope that they may have the opportunity to humiliate and mislead the weak."